Level C2 of CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages)

Niveau C2 du CECR
Level C2, whilst it has been termed ‘Mastery’, is not intended to imply native-speaker or near native-speaker competence. What is intended is to characterise the degree of precision, appropriateness and ease with the language which typifies the speech of those who have been highly successful learners.

Descriptors calibrated here include: convey finer shades of meaning precisely by using, with reasonable accuracy, a wide range of modification devices; has a good command of idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms with awareness of connotative level of meaning; backtrack and restructure around a difficulty so smoothly the interlocutor is hardly aware of it.​

​​Global scale of the skills of level C2 of the CEFR

The global scale of the common reference of the CEFR defines level C2's user capable of the following linguistic skills:

  • Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read.
  • Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation.
  • Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations.

​​Self-assessment grid of level C2 of the CEFR

The CEFR describe level C2's user capable of carrying out the following linguistic skills:
​​Understanding
​​Listening
​​I have no difficulty in understanding any kind of spoken language, whether live or broadcast, even when delivered at fast native speed, provided I have some time to get familiar with the accent.
​​Understanding
​​​​Reading
​​​I can read with ease virtually all forms of the written language, including abstract, structurally or linguistically complex texts such as manuals, specialised articles and literary words.

​Speaking


​​​Spoken interaction
​​I can take part effortlessly in any conversation or discussion and have a good familiarity with idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms.
​I can express myself fluently and convey finer shades of meaning precisely. If I do have a problem I can backtrack and restructure around the difficulty so smoothly that other people are hardly aware of it.

​Speaking

​​Spoken production
​​I can present a clear, smoothly flowing description or argument in a style appropriate to the context and with an effective logical structure which helps the recipient to notice and remember significant points.

​Writing


​​Writing
​​I can write clear, smoothly flowing text in an appropriate style.
I can write complex letters, reports or articles which present a case with an effective logical structure which helps the recipient to notice and remember significant points.
I can write summaries and reviews of professional or literary works.