Level C1 of CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages)

Niveau C1 du CECR
Level C1, the next band, was labelled Effective Operational Proficiency. What seems to characterise this level is good access to a broad range of language, which allows fluent, spontaneous communication, as illustrated by the following examples: Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously, almost effortlessly. Has a good command of a broad lexical repertoire allowing gaps to be readily overcome with circumlocutions. There is little obvious searching for expressions or avoidance strategies; only a conceptually difficult subject can hinder a natural, smooth flow of language.

The discourse skills characterising the previous band continue to be evident at level C1, with an emphasis on more fluency, for example: select a suitable phrase from a fluent repertoire of discourse functions to preface his remarks in order to get the floor, or to gain time and keep it whilst thinking; produce clear, smoothly flowing, well-structured speech, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

Global scale of the skills of level C1 of the CEFR

The global scale of the common reference of the CEFR defines level C1's user capable of the following linguistic skills:

  • Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.
  • Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

​​Self-assessment grid of level C1 of the CEFR

​​The CEFR describe level C1's user capable of carrying out the following linguistic skills:

​Understanding


​​​Listening
​​I can understand extended speech even when it is not clearly structured and when relationships are only implied and not signalled explicitly.
​I can understand television programmes and films without too much effort.

​Understanding


​​​Reading
​​​I can understand long and complex factual and literary texts, appreciating distinctions of style.
​I can understand specialised articles and longer technical instructions, even when they do not relate to my field.

​Speaking


​​Spoken interaction
​​I can express myself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
I can use language flexibly and effectively for social and professional purposes.
​I can formulate ideas and opinions with precision and relate my contribution skilfully to those of other speakers.

​Speaking

​​Spoken production
​​​I can present clear, detailed descriptions of complex subjects integrating sub-themes, developing particular points and rounding off with an appropriate conclusion.

​​Writing

​​Writing
​​I can express myself in clear, well-structured text, expressing points of view at some length.
I can write about complex subjects in a letter, an essay or a report, underlining what I consider to be the salient issues.
​I can select style appropriate to the reader in mind.

​​Qualitative aspects of spoken language use of level C1 of the CEFR


​​Range
​​Has a good command of a broad range of language allowing him/her to select a formulation to express him/herself clearly in an appropriate style on a wide range of general, academic, professional or leisure topics without having to restrict what he/she wants to say.
​​Accuracy
​​Consistently maintains a high degree of grammatical accuracy; errors are rare, difficult to spot and generally corrected when they do occur.
​​​​​​Fluency
​​Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously, almost effortlessly. Only a conceptually difficult subject can hinder a natural, smooth flow of language.
​​Interaction
​​Can select a suitable phrase from a readily available range of discourse functions to preface his remarks in order to get or to keep the floor and to relate his/her own contributions skilfully to those of other speakers.
​​​​Coherence
​​Can produce clear, smoothly flowing, well-structured speech, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.